Monday Sep 27

  1. Basic Information
  2. Classification
  3. Identification
  4. Documentation
  5. Correlations
  6. Rights
  7. Resources

Church of Kosmosotira in Feres

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  • Construction
    Construction Phase Construction
    Description of construction
    Related Person Isaac Komnenos
    Related Institution / Workshop -
    Date of construction
    1152 AD
    Historical period Middle Byzantine
    Surrounding built environment
    Construction technique
    Architectural type Cross-in-square church with two columns and five domes
    Construction materials Mortar
    State of completion
    Digital representation

  • Use
    Construction Phase Adaptive reuse
    Description of use During the 14th century the catholikon was converted into the mosque of Suleyman, and five and a half centuries later was again converted into a Christian church.

    Related Person -
    Related Institution -
    Date of use
    14century AD
    Digital representation
    Notes -

  • Decoration
    Decoration Phase Primary decoration
    Decoration Type Painting
    Decoration theme Hierarchs, figures of military saints and Communion of the Apostles
    Location of decoration South and north wall, south wall of Prothesis
    Description of decoration The iconographic decoration is a magnificent specimen of high quality painting of the School of Constantinople, dated to the 12th century. The wall-paintings in the Kosmosoteira are the work of a team of painters brought there, most probably from Constantinople, by its royal founder and express his theological views. The large dimensions and the calm, slow movements of the figures, the 'careless' drawing and the uniform chromatic surfaces render a heavenly world both erudite and serious, as seen through the ascetic ideal. Certain peculiarities in the iconographic programme are more expressive of human dramaticism than an eucharistic disposition. The representation of the Communion of the Apostles on the south wall of the prothesis is an example.
    Related Person Isaac Komnenos
    Related Institution -
    Date of decoration
    12century AD
    Decoration style Characteristic sample of the iconography of the 12th century School of Constantinople

    Decoration technique Fresco
    Decoration materials
    Condition of Decoration Medium
    Digital representation CRDGID:100 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Central)

    CRDGID:101 - Feres, Kosmosoteira (Interior - Left Corner)

    CRDGID:135 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - NE view)

    CRDGID:194 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 1)

    CRDGID:195 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 2)

    CRDGID:196 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 3)

    CRDGID:197 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 4)

    Notes -

  • Intervention

  • Conservation
    Conservation type Conservation and cleaning, replacement of old materials

    Location of conservation Walls and cupola
    Description of conservation 1997 - Conservation of the masonry on the west part of the monument.
    1998 - Partial conservation of the cupola.
    1999 - Replacement of the old lead sheets on the cupola with new ones. The new sheets were placed on a mud layer made of clay so as to achieve the spherical shape of the hemisphere.
    Moreover, the repairs comprised the cleaning of the monument from newer and insecure mortars.
    Related Person -
    Related Institution -
    Date of decoration
    From 1996 AD
    To 2000 AD
    Conservation technique Restoration
    Conservation materials Lead
    Digital representation

  • State of protection
    Related Institution Ministry of Culture
    Declaration date
    Declaration type
    Digital representation
    Notes -